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Printed Resources, Videos, CD's

Resources From Weimar:
Yiddish Summer Weimar 2009-Dance Workshop Repertoire-Yiddish and Moldavian Dances
High Definition DVD featuring Steve Weintraub, Zev Feldman, Andreas Schmitges, Asya Vaysman, Avia Moore, Helene Domergue and Pavel Popa
Contents include:
Yiddish Dances-Long Hora, Dybbuk Patsh Tants, Workmen's Circle Sher, Troika, Krakoviak. Couple's Bulgar, Pas d'Espagne, Bulgar, Jerusalem Hora, Boiereasca
Moldavian Dances-Hora, Sarba, Rata, Cioara, Frunza Nucului, Basmaluta
Dance Ball
Steve Weintraub's Dance Etudes
To order  contact   Yiddish Summer Weimar.
For more info visit


"Yiddish Dancing - Jiddische Taenze: Tanzworkshop 28. bis 31. Juli 2007, Volkshaus Weimar", featuring dance instructors Erik Bendix, Helene Domergue-Zilberberg, Andreas Schmitges, and Jill Gellerman. Includes accompanying dance description booklet containing written dance descriptions from Erik Bendix and Andreas Schmitges.  The musicians on the video are under the direction of Christian Dawid and Binyomin Ginzberg.

Andreas Schmitges' repertoire on the DVD includes: Sher, Hora, Patsh Tants, Sirba, Patsh Tants (easy version), Runde, Moldavinyaska, and Khussidl.  Andreas speaks in English on the video, while  Erik speaks in German. Most of what Erik says on the video is in his written notes in English, so people who don't understand German won't be missing anything important. Jill  speaks in English on the video.
To order contact: e-mail .
DVD Contents include:
A Yingele, A Maydele
(Horon: Alta es la luna)
Dos Tsigale
Freylekhs Medley
Jerusalem Hora
Shmelkie's Nigun
Abi Me'leibt
+ Abschlussball (scenes from the final dance ball)

DVD of a workshop I did in 2003 in Edmonton is available for order. 
Contact me for details.  $10 (USD) + shipping.

Alpert, Michael. 1986. "Freylekhs on Film: The Portrayal of Jewish
Traditional Dance in Yiddish Cinema," Jewish Folklore and Ethnology Newsletter 8/3-4: 6-7 and 35.

Discusses the dancing in Yiddish movies in the 20's, 30's and 40's--which ones appear genuine and which are more likely artistic creations.


Berk, Fred. 100 Israeli Folk Dances. 2nd edition. New York:
Israel folk Dance department of the American Zionist Youth Foundation, 1983.

A book of dance descriptions contains some klezmer-style dances but most is more Israeli/Yemenite
style material. All dances are choreographed versions.

Berk, Fred. The Chasidic Dance. US: Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1975.
This book has a history of Chasidic dance, information about weddings and customs.
There are also descriptions of choreographed dances. A companion vinyl record was made to
go with the book and contains music for all the dances.

Beregovski, M. Old Jewish Folk Music: the Collections and Writings of Moshe Beregovski. Ed.
and Trans. Mark Slobin. Philidelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982, reprinted in 2000.

Beregovski collected and transcribed numerous Eastern European folk melodies some of which
are presented in this book. It also has several pages about dances. The information is interesting as background information
but of course doesn't explain exactly how the dances were done.  Touches on cross influences between the Jewish and
Ukrainian communities.

Mother Tongue Music of the 19th Century Klezmorim on Original Instruments cd. 
Koch International, 1997.
In addition to being great music, Mother Tongue affords the opportunity of reading 
about the origin of the dance genres and then listening to the melodies 
(and of course dancing to them). Many of the tracks are based upon the group's 
own 120 hours of field recordings. The leader of 
this band, Joshua Horowitz, has been very helpful to me, in creating this web page.
2) Wedding Without a Bride cd.
Buda Musique
Musique Du Monde, Paris 2000

The cd and extensive liner notes by Joshua Horowitz, will take 
you on a musical journey through a 19th century Galitsian Polish 
wedding-beginning with the Tsum Badekns(to the veiling of the bride) 
and ending with Firn Di Mekhutonim (leading the in-laws). Background 
information on many dances is given. These include the 
Broiges Tanz (with an interesting Chasidic version involving combat,
death and return to life), korohod, sirba, sher, mitzvah dance, koilitch tanz and more. 
The many customs associated with Jewish Galitsian weddings are discussed in detail.

Cochem, Corinne. Palestine dances! Behrman's Jewish Book House: New York, 1941. 
Among other pre-Israeli dances, this book has a version of the Sher. 
It is a simplified version but the styling is extremely vigorous.

Freehof, Florence. Jews are a Dancing People. San Francisco: Stark-Rath Print. and Pub. Co., 1954.
Many thanks to Dick Crum for sending me a number of  dance 
descriptions from this book. These seem to be choreographed dances incorporating 
Eastern European Jewish motifs and steps. Titles include: Broiges Dance, 
Sabbath Dance, Finjan Israeli Waltz, Jewish Wedding Dance, Chassidic and 
Mazel Tov Freilach. Some dances were choreographed by Fred Berk.

Feldman, Walter. "Bulgareasca/Bulgarish/Bulgar: The Transformation of a Klezmer Dance Genre,"
Ethnomusicology 38:1 (1994), 1-35.

The title says it all. An in depth exploration of the topic.

Feldman, Walter. Traditional Dance.  YIVO online encyclopedia.

Friedland, LeeEllen. 1985-86. "Tantsn Is Lebn: Dancing in Eastern European Jewish Culture,"
Dance Research Journal 17/2 & 18/1:77-80.

A discussion of Eastern European Jewish dance focuses mainly on the freylekhs but also mentions other
dances like the sher. Discusses styling, body position as well as history.

Friedhaber, Zvi. 1985-86. "The Dance with the Separating Kerchief," Dance Research Journal 17/2 & 18/1:65-69.
Traces the history of the Mitzvah Dance. Explains the customs associated with the Mitzvah Dance in different Jewish communities.


Friedhaber, Zvi. 
JEWISH DANCE TRADITIONS THROUGH THE AGES  Part One (Talmudic Period).  Israel Dance Quarterly Issue no.3, 1994.

Friedhaber, Zvi. JEWISH DANCE TRADITIONS THROUGH THE AGES PART 3. Israel Dance Quarterly, Issue no.5, 1994.

Friedhaber, Zvi. DRAMATIZATION IN CHASSIDIC DANCE  Israel Dance Annual 1983.

Goodman, Karen.  Video "Come Let Us Dance, Lomir Geyn Tantsn," 2002.
Documentary/demonstration of the Sher and Freylekhs, including settings by Nathan Vizonsky.  Dances are 
taught by Miriam Rochlin, a noted member of the Los Angeles Jewish Cultural community since her
1940 arrival in the US from Germany.  To obtain a copy of the video visit Hatikvah Music International (credit cards 
accepted) or contact Karen Goodman (for questions or to purchase with cheques/money orders).

Goren, Ayalah. 1986. "The Ethnic Dance in Israel, with Selected filmography,"
Jewish Folklore and Ethnology Newsletter 8/3-4:1-6.

This provides good background information about the various types of Jewish ethnic dancing.

Ingber, Judith Brin. video "Dancing Into Marriage: Jewish Wedding Dances" 1982.
This is the video of a workshop on Jewish wedding dances which included Yemenite,
Persian and Eastern European dance sessions. For information about obtaining a copy of the video please contact
Judith Brin Ingber via Also on her page is a complete bibliography of
her writings on many aspects of Jewish dance.

Ingber, Judith Brin. "Jewish Dance in Poland Between World War I and World War II," 
in proceedings of Society of Dance History Scholars (US) Conference, University of Minnesota, 1996.

This article summarizes fieldwork conducted by Jacek Luminski, and Judith Brin Ingber 
among elderly Jews in Poland. It explains the various processionals which were part of 
Jewish weddings in Poland between the two world wars. Interestingly, many different 
regional meanings of the term Mitzve Tanzl are described. The term might refer to 
dances that were obligated to be danced at a wedding like the Broiges Tanz or the Koilitch 
Tanz. The mitzve tanzl might also refer to a sort of line dance that is started by the 
mother of the bride, with guests joining the line until all are dancing. In yet another 
version, the dance had 3 sections: 1)Bride and groom dance together separated by a scarf 
2) All the guests snaking around the room 3)All the guests circling the bride and groom 
who continue to dance in the middle of the circle. Other dances done by Jews in different 
parts of Poland retained the "flavour" of the dances done by their non-Jewish neighbours, 
yet were danced differently by the Jews. Such dances included the czardas, the Cozak and serba.

Kapelye, Hopkele
This CD was produced via a collaboration between dance master Steve Weintraub and the Kapleye
ensemble.  It is a Yiddish dance Cd and every tune fits nicely to known Yiddish dances.
Coming soon:  Steve's dance descriptions.....Stay tuned!

Kaufman, Gert. No. 2 Sherele Palestine Folk Dance Series. Lion the Printer: Tel-Aviv, 1946
A choreographed version of the sher, more complex than other versions, no shining, 
no threading the needle. Based upon Gurit Kadman's (Kaufman) observations of European 
immigrants to Palestine. Styling more vigorous than that demonstrated in Dancing into Marriage video.

Klezmer Music: A Marriage of Heaven and Earth. Ellipsis Arts, 1996.
This is a compilation cd that's tucked into a book about klezmer music. There are interviews with musicians,
vintage photographs and lots of background information about the music and the dancing.
The Patsh Tanz (Flying Bulgar Klezmer Band) is the same melody traditionally used in folk dance groups
but is much more exciting to listen to. Working around the drum solo is a bit of a challenge but it can be done.
There is also a version of the Broiges Tanz as part of a medley (Ray Musiker & The Klezmatics).
I have used the Behusher Kusid (Budowitz) to do Vizonsky's Rekud or the Miztzvah Tanz.
See the review at the Klez Shack

Kraus, Richard. Folk Dancing A Guide for Schools, Colleges, And Recreational Groups.
New York:MacMillan Company, 1962.
A book of international folk dance that has instructions for the Russian Sher including the thread the needle figure.

Kugelmass, Jack and Jonathan Boyaran. From a Ruined Garden The Memorial Books of Polish Jewry.
2nd edition. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1998.

This book contains many interesting chapters on life before, during and after the holocaust.
Dancing is mentioned in various chapters. There is a page long description of a wedding where the Broiges dance
was done (The Angry Dance), which gives the reader an idea of the social context of the dance. 
An online translation can be found here:

(Scroll to item E. )  This is a different translation performed by the website that hosts the translation.

Lapson, Dvora. Dances of the Jewish People. New York: Board of Jewish Education, 1954.
A time honoured reference book with dance instructions for choreographed versions of many of the dances
e.g., Patch Tanz, Sher, Broiges Dance.

Lapson, Dvora.  Jewish Dances of Eastern and Central Europe.
Journal of the International Folk Music Council, Vol. 15. (1963), pp. 58-61.

Excellent review article of the history of Jewish dance, including Eastern European Jewish dances.

Levine, Joseph A.  Yiddish Dance Songs. Journal of Synagogue Music, Vol 35, Fall 2010, pp 59-96.
An analysis of Yiddish dance songs, with musical examples and background on the social context of these dances.

 MANOR , GIORA. THE DYBBUK DANCES. Israel Dance Annual 1983

Picon, Molly. Molly! An Autobiography. New York:  Simon and Shuster,1980.

Not really much on dance but explains but explains how Yidl with the Fidl was made. 

Pingeron, Jean-Claude, A Jewish Act of Homage in Poland in the 18th Century
ranslated by Michael Aylward
Thanks to Michael Aylward for discovering, translating,  and sharing this document which describes an occurrence of Yiddish dancing in Poland circa 1763.   We are not sure what the act of homage was about.  We continue to seek further information about this event.

Rivkind, Isaac. Klezmorim Jewish Folk Musicians
A Study in Cultural History. New York:  Futuro Press,1960
This book is written in Hebrew and you can see a pdf scan of the original Hebrew here.
It was sent to me by the late Dick Crum. Volunteers have been hard at work
translating the book.  I would like to thank those that have put hours into this
project and would like to dedicate this translation work to the memory of Dick Crum.
The book is full of information about the history of klezmer and also includes a chapter
devoted to wedding dance customs. 
This translation is not word for word and should be considered as an overview of the book.
All of these files are in pdf format.
Chapters 1-3 (a very rough translation at this point-hoping to have this part reworked)
Chapters 4-6 (a more accurate translation than 1-3)
Although we haven't translated each footnote, if you look at the Hebrew pdf, you can pick out the primary
sources.  Occasionally, the footnotes are in Roman characters.  If you are fluent in Hebrew and happen to
notice any translation errors, please let me know.

Rubin, Ruth. Voices of a People The Story of Yiddish Folksong. Philadelphia:
The Jewish Publication Society of America., 1979.

This is a fascinating book with many examples of Yiddish songs. There is an entire chapter devoted to
wedding rituals and another devoted to dance related folk songs.

Sendry, Alfred. The Music of the Jews of the Diaspora up to 1800. 
T. Yoseloff: New York, 1970.

This book has several sections that deal with dance during the middle ages. 
In the "Ghettos of Europe" chapter, the important role of dance as a release 
for pent up feelings and for exhibition is discussed. The Jewish dances of the
ghettos were unchoreographed, and kind of wild sounding. They were considered uncouth 
by the non-Jewish community; Judentantz was a derogatory term used, a "travesty of 
folk dances." The evolution of the tanzhaus, (a sort of dancehall) in 
Germany is explained. Dances of that place and time were: May Day Dance, Marching dance,
Springing Dance, Judentanz, Dance of the first Man, Dr. Foist (Faust), Fish Dance 
and the Dance of Death (popular at weddings!). Chasidic dance is explored 
including an unusual custom of the followers of R. Aaron Karliner called Kullyikes or "Rollers."
Men would roll on the ground in a dance rhythm prior to morning services, a "saintly practice."

Sh)  Shomer-Zunser, Miriam.  Yesterday A Memoir of a Russian Jewish Family. Ed. Emily Leider. Harper and Row:  New York1978 pp 88-94
This chapter of the memoire deals with Miriam's mother's wedding in Pinsk, 1866.  It has some excellent information about Yiddish dance
a) A girls’ pantomime dance, of despair,  lyrics included for the dance song, haven’t found anyone who knows the melody for this dance ( are any of you familiar with this song?)

Vosshe vell ich ton x2
As der baal Choiv
Vet Kummen monen?
Az der Baal Choiv
Ve kommen monen
Vell ich hoven
Vell ich geben,
Vell ich nit geben.
Ain vort ich hob nit! X2
What will I do x2
When the creditor comes for his money? X2
If I have it
I will give it.
If I haven’t-I won’t give it.
In a word-I haven’t x2

b) Mention of quadrilles and lancers as being sort of the warm up for the real dancing, ie, Yiddish dancing
c) Nice capturing of the spirit of Yiddish dance, emphasizing improvisation and inclusiveness, and some description of the flow of the dances
d) Mention of a dance called Heidim Deidim which really consists of 2 men turning using shoulder hold and singing “Heidim Deidim”—no melody provided.
e) Indication that Patch Tanz was a pretty free-flowing circle, with the only goal—to clap and stamp at the right time.
f) Both broiges dance and the pantomime dance of despair  as well as Heidim Deidim, involved singing—so not just dancing to klezmer instrumentals.
g) Distinguishes between kosher tanz and mitzvah tanz—as 2 different types of dances—the kosher dance involving various family members, mitzvah only the bride + various guests

Stern, Shlomo. The Dance of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk, Hamodia Magazine, March 12, 2009.
Musings regarding the meaning and origin of this dance. (email me for the pdf file of this article)

Strom, Yale. "Klezmer Memories in Yizker Books,"  in Memorial books of Eastern European Jewry Essays on the History and Meanings of Yizker Volumes, Ed. Rosemary Horowitz.  McFarland & Company Inc.: North Carolina 2011.
From Yale Strom’s essay in Memorial Books of Eastern European Jewry by Rosemary Horowitz, there  is mention of a Tsherkesher/Circassian dance, done with a knife-no other details given, that was rewarded with applause.  Also a couples’ freylekhs sort of endurance dance contest that everyone would watch and applaud.  Quite a bit of dance detail in the text.

Vizonsky, Nathan. Ten Jewish folk Dances a Manual for Teachers and Leaders.
Chicago: American-Hebrew Theatrical League, 1942.

This is a book of dance descriptions, sheet music and folkloric information. Many of the dances are choreographed for the stage so are not exactly the way they would have been done in communities. Dances include: Mitzvah/Kosher Dance, Broiges Dance, Beggar Dance, Chassidic Dance,
Rekud, Simchas Torah Dance, Koilitch Dance, Fraelachs, Paatch Dance, Sherele (very simple version).

Vizonsky, Nathan. "The Evolution of the Jewish Folk-Dance"  in The Chicago 
Jewish Forum, Vol13 No. 1, Fall 1954, pp 45-50.
Further discussion of the dances described in his book.  Analysis of dance style of Eastern EuropeanJews, compared with Israeli dance and other European dance.

Winkler, Helen.  "Lomir Ale Tantsn Reviving the Lost Art of Yiddish Dance" in Rokdim Magazine,
Vol 76, July 2008, pp. 24-28, also in Hebrew.
Written by yours truly giving an overview of Yiddish Dance and The Yiddish Dance Action Network.

Zeitlin, Steven, AMJ Kotkin and Holly Cutting Baker. "The Wedding Dance" 
in A Celebration of Family Folklore Tales and Tradition from the 
Smithsonian Collection. New York: Panteon Books, 1982.

A discussion of one family's dance traditions focusing on the Kazatske (Cossack dance).


Yiddish Language and Other Films

Many films were made during the 1920's 1930's and 1940s for the Yiddish Cinema. Quite often the movies included weddings in which there were dance scenes. According to Michael Alpert's article "Freylekhs on Film..." some of the dances shown were good examples of the actual dance style. Others were more theatrical interpretations. By watching the dance sequences you get an idea of the overall styling and flavour of the dances. What I notice most is how everyone in the freylechs scenes more or less moves in their own way, whether by walking forwards or backwards, doing 2-steps, or literally kicking up their heels; nevertheless, the whole group manages to move as a unit in the same direction and nobody gets hurt!

Also take note of the small spaces used for dance areas. It's virtually in someone's living room with many concentric circles of dancers moving in very close quarters. No air conditioned aerobics studios in the Old Country!

These films have been re-released on video with subtitles and can easily be purchased on the internet. Be sure to compare prices. There seems to be a large difference in price from one vendor to another. If you're like me, working without funding, try contacting your local Jewish community centre. I found even in Calgary, several of these films are available for borrowing. Also, ask around; there may be people in your community who own collections of Yiddish videos that they are willing to share. In Toronto I noticed that some of the Russian video stores had Yiddish movies as did the Toronto Board of Jewish Education.

The Dybbuk 1937:

This famous film contains the following dances:
Chasidic style dance done to a wordless nigun (melody)
Tapping Dance (probably the equivalent of Patch Tanz)
Dance of the Rich
Dance of the Poor
Beggar Dance
Dance of Death--very theatrical

Yidl With the Fidl:
This film shows a complete wedding with the accompanying dances. Molly Picon, 
in her autobiography, explains that the wedding scene 
utilized the actual residents of a shtetl (Kazmierz) in Poland. These people 
were totally confused by the situation since they were unfamiliar with film and 
could not understand why this wedding was going on for 30 consecutive hours. 
Also mystifying was the constant replenishment of the food between takes. 
From this I conclude that the dancing shown must have been the way 
people really danced in Kazmierz.  You have to watch carefully as the dance sequence is very 
short and each dance runs into the next one. This film is sometimes available on Youtube.

Dances include:

Koilitch Dance--aka-two women and two challahs. The women sway around with the challahs as the wedding party enters the reception area. This dance does not appear to have any specific steps.

Grandmother's dance--The grandmother dances around a bit and then appears to collapse from the exertion

A set dance of some sort with couples.

Freylekhs--everyone gets into this dance in their own way

Uncle Moses:
This movie also has a wedding in which the freylekhs is featured. I caught a glimpse of women holding large challahs in the room but the women don't look like they are dancing.

The movie is set in America. Note that men and women dance together in the circle.

Mizrekh and Mayrev
Some really nice dance scenes in this movie, though they go by very quickly.  Some examples of
shining are present.

The Purimshpiler
Although there isn't much in the way of traditional dance in this film, there are some great scenes
of Purim costumes, processions and and a little bit of shpieling.

A Cantor on Trial/Khazan afn Probe
features some Yiddish dance moves with ragtime music  at the end of the clip.

Americaner Shadchen
A rather nasty song about a bride that does feature some interesting male dancing at the end of the clip. Clip is no longer on Youtube but the DVD is available.

Benya Krik
Clip is no longer on Youtube, but that situation may change.
A silent Russian film about the Jewish underworld.  Features a very wild wedding scene at approx 23 minutes that goes on for 10 minutes.
Here are some screenshots that I captured.

Mir Lebngeblibene

This video and at around 18:10 minutes, features a Hassidic style dance performance by Judith Berg and Felix Fibich.

Seekers of Happiness
This Russian language film, 1936, is about Jews who have moved to
Birobidzhan.  It features a wedding scene with dancing at 3:01 (2 segments, 2nd segment at 3:43) where there is dancing to the melody of Kuma Echa.  I can't specifically identify the dance but it appears similar in parts, to Zionist youth versions of Krakowiak, according to a friend of mine who participated in those groups years ago.   Kuma Echa is used as theme music in the film as can be evidenced from this clip:  According to the YIVO encyclopedia, the composer for the film purposely adapted the song:

 “Rybatskaia” (Fisherman’s Song) from the 1936 film Iskateli schast’ia (Seekers of Happiness, about Jewish settlers in the Jewish Autonomous Region of Birobidzhan), which he adapted from the Palestinian Jewish dance song “Kuma ekha” (Arise, Brothers) by Shalom Postolsky (1893–1949)."

For more background on this film see: & Soviet and Kosher by ANNA SHTERNSHIS pp166 ff
The recorded song with lyrics is here.

The other song, the  Jewish Komsomol Wedding Song, sung prior to the Kuma Echa sequence is also on Youtube in a much older recording, and sung in Yiddish.

Video Installation Jewish Wedding--Petersburg Judaica (bottom of page, last frame)
This 23 minute online compilation of Jewish wedding clips from old films, brings together some of the films mentioned above as well as films that I'm unsure as to the titles.  There are quite a few scenes that involve music and dance.  The credits are in Russian and I am trying to find out what the titles of the films are.
So far, I have found out with help from the Jewish Music List that one of the films is called Jewish Luck.

Jewish Luck, Russia 1925  this one has a lot of dancing in it and musician scenes, towards the end of the movie.  Around 1hour 31-2 minutes the wedding scene begins and it shows the procession to the khupe with klezmorim leading, and then after the khupe how people dance the wedding party back to the celebration location.  You get to see the 2 women leading off the whole group by dancing in front of the procession, with a throng of dancing people following.  It’s hard to see on a small screen, but I think this film is available on DVD, to get a better view of the dancing.  Interestingly, all of the dancing occurs outdoors, which contradicts Vizonsky, who wrote that Jewish dancing occurred only indoors or hidden in back lanes in the Jewish quarter.  This dancing seems to be happening out in the open in a forest/meadow area.  I wonder if they chose to film the scene outdoors for technical reasons, or if it truly was a typical way to hold a wedding celebration.
Lechaim, Russia, 1910—this one doesn’t really have much dancing in it though it does have sort of an odd wedding ceremony where everyone flaps their hands in the air. (15 minute film in total)


Online resources

The following links provide additional information on yiddish dance:

Steve Weintraub's web site. We all know Steve as a wonderful instructor of Yiddish dance.
He teaches and choreographs Jewish dance, both traditional and contemporary.

Wrapping Their Feet Around the Music-Yiddish Dance at KlezKanada 2003

Living Traditions  has workshops about klezmer dance. Living Traditions
offers KlezKamp, a true Yiddish cultural experience (hope I get to go some day).

The Wholesale Klezmer Band web site--this web site contains information on dance.
Members of this klezmer band also teach klezmer dance. 
Visit their wedding page to view the broiges tants in action.

A Klez Act--Jacob Bloom's web page. Jacob teaches klezmer dance.
His page includes information about klezmer dance and gives instructions for a version of the sher.

This page searches the Mendele discussion group's archives.
There are a few postings about the Mezinke dance.
Perhaps other dance topics will be discussed in the future.

Jewish-Music mailing list. You can subscribe to the Jewish Music e-mail discussion group from the address below.
A variety of musicians and non-musicians participate in this discussion group. This group has led me to other resources.

The following links provide interesting information on klezmer music
which helps to put the dances in context: by Allen Lutins is an online database focusing on recordings
from Klezmer's golden age and the associated sheet music.

Der yidisher gramophone by Mike Aylward
Discography of Early European Recordings of Jewish Music,
Jewish Radio Broadcasts in Pre-War Europe
Source Material for Jewish Music, Yiddish and Yiddish Theatre and Translati
Several articles include historic accounts of Yiddish dance.

Early Recordings of Jewish Music in Poland from Polin Volume 16, 2003
by Michael Aylward, with additional introductory remarks from Michael Aylward Recordings.PDF

Proceedings of the Yiddish Dance Symposium held Dec 9-10 2007 in New York
by Ari Davidow.

Archives of the Wiki of the Yiddish Dance Action Network

ChasenJah-The Jamaican Jewish Wedding
See this delightful Jamaican/Jewish music/dance experience.  Enjoy the music of Beyond the Pale.

Jewish Music and Dance as recorded in Yizkor books
compiled by Helen Winkler 

Jewish Musicians in Moldavia by Itsik Svarts
(Part of Ari Davidow's Klezmer Shack--there are many other
interesting articles here at the Klezmer Shack including cd reviews)

A Short History of Klezmer Music, Life and times of notable klezmorim,
tips on conducting fieldwork, including Beregovski's questions
by the Klezmer Band Budowitz
See also above section in printed resources under

ROJINKES mit MANDELN (en Français) - descriptive information on klezmer music and dance

Swedish Klezmer Association (in Swedish) - Klezmer music and dance activities in Sweden

Historical Background Resources

Beyond the Pale-A Photo/Text exhibit explaining the history of Eastern European Jews
Follow the “Jews in the Russian Empire” thread for information on living conditions
during the 1800s and early 1900s.

Der Bay resources on Yiddish Culture and Festival Listings


Contact Helen Winkler - Do you have a dance description to share or expertise in this area?